Author(s): Saghiri MA, Asatourian A, Sheibani N. Angiogenesis and the prevention of alveolar osteitis: a review study. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2018 Jun;44(3):93-102. doi: 10.5125/jkaoms.2018.44.3.93. Epub 2018 Jun 26. Review. PMID 29963489
Journal: Journal Of The Korean Association Of Oral And Maxillofacial Surgeons, Volume 44, Issue 3, Jun 2018
Angiogenesis is one of the essential processes that occur during wound healing. It is responsible for providing immunity as well as the regenerative cells, nutrition, and oxygen needed for the healing of the alveolar socket following tooth extraction. The inappropriate removal of formed blood clots causes the undesirable phenomenon of alveolar osteitis (AO) or dry socket. In this review, we aimed to investigate whether enhanced angiogenesis contributes to a more effective prevention of AO. The potential pro- or anti-angiogenic activity of different materials used for the treatment of AO were evaluated. An electronic search was performed in the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases via OVID from January 2000 to September 2016 using the keywords mentioned in the PubMed and MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms regarding the role of angiogenesis in the prevention of AO. Our initial search identified 408 articles using the keywords indicated above, with 38 of them meeting the inclusion criteria set for this review. Due to the undeniable role of angiogenesis in the socket healing process, it is beneficial if strategies for preventing AO are directed toward more proangiogenic materials and modalities.