Author(s): Syreeni A, Sandholm N, Cao J, Toppila I, Maahs DM, Rewers MJ, Snell-Bergeon JK, Costacou T, Orchard TJ, Caramori ML, Mauer M, Klein BEK,Klein R, Valo E, Parkkonen M, Forsblom C, Harjutsalo V, Paterson AD; DCCT/EDIC Research Group, Groop PH; FinnDiane Study Group. Genetic Determinants of Glycated Hemoglobin in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes. 2019 Apr;68(4):858-867. doi: 10.2337/db18-0573. Epub 2019 Jan 23.
Journal: Diabetes, Volume 68, Issue 4, Apr 2019
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is an important measure of glycemia in diabetes. HbA1c is influenced by environmental and genetic factors both in people with and in people without diabetes. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for HbA1c in a Finnish type 1 diabetes (T1D) cohort, FinnDiane. Top results were examined for replication in T1D cohorts DCCT/EDIC, WESDR, CACTI, EDC, and RASS, and a meta-analysis was performed. Three SNPs in high linkage disequilibrium on chromosome 13 near relaxin family peptide receptor 2 (RXFP2) were associated with HbA1c in FinnDiane at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10-8). The minor alleles of rs2085277 and rs1360072 were associated with higher HbA1c also in the meta-analysis with RASS (P < 5 × 10-8), where these variants had minor allele frequencies ≥1%. Furthermore, these SNPs were associated with HbA1c in an East Asian population without diabetes (P ≤ 0.013). A weighted genetic risk score created from 55 HbA1c-associated variants from the literature was associated with HbA1c in FinnDiane but explained only a small amount of variation. Understanding the genetic basis of glycemic control and HbA1c may lead to better prevention of diabetes complications.