Author(s): Shank AMM, Teixeira LBC, Dubielzig RR. Ocular porcupine quilling in dogs: Gross, clinical and histopathologic findings in 17 cases (1986-2018). Vet Ophthalmol. 2021 Mar;24(2):114-124. doi: 10.1111/vop.12851. Epub 2020 Dec 17. PMID 33332752
Journal: Veterinary Ophthalmology, Volume 24, Issue 2, Mar 2021
The objectives of this retrospective study were to evaluate the histopathologic changes associated with porcupine ocular quill injuries in dogs, to discuss the various methods of quill detection when quills are not grossly visible, and to discuss the pathogenesis of delayed ocular quill injuries in dogs. Seventeen globes sustaining ocular quilling injuries from 17 dogs (1986-2018) were identified in the COPLOW archives and the gross and histologic changes tabulated and compared. All cases were dogs, with one whole globe submitted from each patient. Sixteen of 17 cases had known or suspected porcupine encounters in the weeks or years preceding enucleation. Histopathologic findings included retinal detachment, hyphema, cataract, granulomatous to pyogranulomatous inflammation (uveitis, endophthalmitis, panophthalmitis), lens capsule rupture, suppurative phakitis, scleral perforation, stromal keratitis, breaks in Descemet’s membrane, preiridal fibrovascular membrane, anterior and posterior synechia, Schnabel’s cavernous atrophy, and periorbital fibrosis. Quill-associated ocular trauma can have a significant deleterious effect on vision and result in enucleation. The time from initial quilling to the manifestation of ocular signs may be prolonged (weeks to years). Any dog presenting for ocular signs with a history of a previous porcupine encounter should be carefully checked for quill migration into the globe as the source of ocular disease. Quills may not be visible grossly, and ancillary imaging techniques can be utilized with various rates of success.