Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor optical dynamic range.

PubMed ID: 33820289

Author(s): Akondi V, Dubra A. Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor optical dynamic range. Opt Express. 2021 Mar 15;29(6):8417-8429. doi: 10.1364/OE.419311. PMID 33820289

Journal: Optics Express, Volume 29, Issue 6, Mar 2021

The widely used lenslet-bound definition of the Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor (SHWS) dynamic range is based on the permanent association between groups of pixels and individual lenslets. Here, we formalize an alternative definition that we term optical dynamic range, based on avoiding the overlap of lenslet images. The comparison of both definitions for Zernike polynomials up to the third order plus spherical aberration shows that the optical dynamic range is larger by a factor proportional to the number of lenslets across the SHWS pupil. Finally, a pre-centroiding algorithm to facilitate lenslet image location in the presence of defocus and astigmatism is proposed. This approach, based on the SHWS image periodicity, is demonstrated using optometric lenses that translate lenslet images outside the projected lenslet boundaries.