PubMed ID: 37908628
Author(s): Pelayo C, Hoang J, Mora Pinzon M, Lock LJ, Fowlkes C, Stevens CL, Jacobson NA, Channa R, Liu Y. Perspectives of Latinx Patients with Diabetes on Teleophthalmology, Artificial Intelligence-Based Image Interpretation, and Virtual Care: A Qualitative Study. Telemed Rep. 2023 Oct 20;4(1):317-326. doi: 10.1089/tmr.2023.0045. eCollection 2023. PMID 37908628
Journal: Telemedicine Reports, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2023
BACKGROUND Latinx populations in the United States bear a disproportionate burden of diabetic eye disease. Teleophthalmology with and without artificial intelligence (AI)-based image interpretation are validated methods for diabetic eye screening, but limited literature exists on patient perspectives. This study aimed at understanding the perspectives of Latinx patients with diabetes on teleophthalmology, AI-based image interpretation, and general virtual care to prevent avoidable blindness in this population.
METHODS We conducted semi-structured, individual interviews with 20 Latinx patients with diabetes at an urban, federally qualified health center in Madison, WI. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, professionally translated from Spanish to English, and analyzed using both inductive open coding and deductive coding.
RESULTS Most participants had no prior experience with teleophthalmology but did have experience with virtual care. Participants expressed a preference for teleophthalmology compared with traditional in-person dilated eye exams but were willing to obtain whichever method of screening was recommended by their primary care clinician. They also strongly preferred having human physician oversight in image review compared with having images interpreted solely using AI. Many participants preferred in-person clinic visits to virtual health care due to the ability to have a more thorough physical exam, as well as for improved non-verbal communication with their clinician.
DISCUSSION Leveraging primary care providers’ recommendations, human oversight of AI-based image interpretation, and improving communication may enhance acceptance and utilization of teleophthalmology, AI, and virtual care by Latinx patients.
CONCLUSIONS Understanding Latinx patient perspectives may contribute toward the development of more effective telemedicine interventions to enhance health equity in Latinx communities.
© Christian Pelayo et al., 2023; Published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.