Author(s): Scott IU, Oden NL, VanVeldhuisen PC, Ip MS, Blodi BA; SCORE2 Investigator Group. SCORE2 Report 24: Nonlinear Relationship of Retinal Thickness and Visual Acuity in Central Retinal and Hemiretinal Vein Occlusion. Ophthalmology. 2023 May 21:S0161-6420(23)00367-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2023.05.023. Online ahead of print. PMID 37220815
Journal: Ophthalmology, May 2023
PURPOSE To investigate whether a nonlinear association between central subfield thickness (CST) on spectral-domain OCT and concurrent visual acuity letter score (VALS) exists in eyes treated initially with aflibercept or bevacizumab for macular edema associated with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) or hemiretinal vein occlusion (HRVO) in the Study of Comparative Treatments for Retinal Vein Occlusion 2 (SCORE2).
DESIGN Long-term follow-up after a randomized clinical trial from 64 centers in the United States.
PARTICIPANTS Participants were followed up to 60 months and treated at investigator discretion after completing the 12-month treatment protocol.
METHODS Two-segment linear regression models were compared with simple linear regression models of VALS on CST. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to assess strength of CST and VALS associations.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Central subfield thickness was measured by OCT and VALS by the electronic Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study methodology.
RESULTS Estimated inflection points, reflecting turning points at which the CST and VALS association changes from positive to negative, calculated at 7 postbaseline visits, range from 217 to 256 μm. A strongly positive correlation exists to the left of each estimated inflection point, ranging from 0.29 (P < 0.01 at month 60) to 0.50 (P < 0.01 at month 12), and a strongly negative correlation exists to the right of each estimated inflection point, ranging from -0.43 (P < 0.01 at month 1) to -0.74 (P < 0.01 at month 24). Randomization statistical tests showed that 2-segment models are favored over 1-segment models for all postbaseline months (P < 0.001 for all tests performed).
CONCLUSIONS The relationship between CST and VALS in eyes with CRVO or HRVO after treatment with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is not simply linear. The usually modest correlations between OCT-measured CST and visual acuity belie strong left and right correlations present in 2-segment models. Post-treatment CST close to the estimated inflection points showed the best expected VALS. The SCORE2 participants with a post-treatment CST after treatment close to the estimated inflection points of 217 to 256 μm showed the best VALS. In patients treated with anti-VEGF for macular edema associated with CRVO or HRVO, a thinner retina is not always associated with better VALS.
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S) Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.