Author(s): Breiner AV, Brandt CR, Milcarek C, Sweet RW, Ziv E, Burstein Y, Schechter I. Somatic DNA rearrangement generates functional rat immunoglobulin kappa chain genes: the J kappa gene cluster is longer in rat than in mouse. Gene. 1982 May;18(2):165-74.
Journal: Gene, Volume 18, Issue 2, May 1982
The kappa immunoglobulin (Ig) genes from rat kidney and from rat myeloma cells were cloned and analyzed. In kidney DNA one C kappa species is observed by Southern blotting and cloning in phage vectors; this gene most likely represents the embryonic configuration. In the IR52 myeloma DNA two C kappa species are observed: one in the same configuration seen in kidney and one which has undergone a rearrangement. This somatic rearrangement has brought the expressed V region to within 2.7 kb 5′ of the C kappa coding region; the rearrangement site is within the J kappa cluster which we have mapped. The rat somatic Ig rearrangement, therefore, closely resembles that seen in mouse Ig genes. In the rat embryonic fragment two J kappa segments were mapped at 2 and 4.3 kb 5′ from the C kappa coding region. Therefore, the rat J kappa cluster extends over about 2.3 kb, a region much longer than the 1.4 kb of the mouse and human J kappa clusters. In the region between C kappa and the expressed J kappa of IR52 myeloma DNA, and XbaI site present in the embryonic kappa gene has been lost. A somatic mutation has therefore occurred in the intervening sequence DNA approx. 0.7 kb 3′ from the V/J recombination site. Southern blots of rat kidney DNA hybridized with different rat V kappa probes showed non-overlapping sets of bands which correspond to different subgroups, each composed of 8-10 closely related V kappa genes.