Author(s):Kushner BJ, Morton GV. A randomized comparison of surgical procedures for infantile esotropia. Am J Ophthalmol. 1984 Jul 15;98(1):50-61.
Journal: American Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 98, Issue 1, Jul 1984
In a prospective, randomized, masked study we compared the treatment of infantile esotropia using bilateral medial rectus muscle recessions of a graded amount from the insertion to standard 10.5-mm recession from the corneoscleral limbus. Of the patients undergoing recession of the medial recti muscles 10.5 mm from the corneoscleral limbus, 33 of 39 (84%) achieved a final ocular alignment within 10 prism diopters of straight with one operation, compared to 26 of 41 (63%) of the patients undergoing a graded recession from the insertion. The difference was significant (.01 less than P less than .05 by the chi-square test).