Objective assessment of the malignant potential of intraocular melanomas with standard microslides stained with hematoxylin-eosin.

Daniel Albert // Publications // Jul 01 1985

PubMed ID: 2408986

Author(s): Gamel JW, McLean I, Greenberg RA, Naids RM, Folberg R, Donoso LA, Seddon JM, Albert DM. Objective assessment of the malignant potential of intraocular melanomas with standard microslides stained with hematoxylin-eosin. Hum Pathol. 1985 Jul;16(7):689-92. PMID 2408986

Journal: Human Pathology, Volume 16, Issue 7, Jul 1985

A method for extracting prognostic information from the cytologic details of intraocular melanomas was developed. With computer assistance, a technician measures the nucleolar area of 200 tumor cells randomly selected from a standard paraffin-embedded microsection stained with hematoxylin-eosin, a procedure that requires approximately 40 minutes with an apparatus that costs less than +30,000. Standard deviation of nucleolar area (SDNA), computed from these measurements, provides an objective assessment of nucleolar pleomorphism. Previous studies showed that second measurements of the same microsection or of the same tumor at different levels yield SDNA values that closely approximate the original measurements. The application of this method to 540 cases from three independent laboratories yielded a correlation of SDNA with death from tumor that was high (P much less than 0.001) and consistent among cases from all three sources. Thus, SDNA provides a clinically useful cytologic measure of the malignancy of intraocular melanomas and may ultimately prove valuable in the assessment of other types of tumors.