Author(s):Griep AE, DeLuca HF. Decreased c-myc expression is an early event in retinoic acid-induced differentiation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Aug;83(15):5539-43.
Journal: Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, Volume 83, Issue 15, Aug 1986
Retinoic acid-induced differentiation of mouse F9 teratocarcinoma cells is known to be accompanied by changes in gene expression. We examined the expression of the c-myc gene during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of F9 cells. Retinoic acid caused a 50% reduction in the level of c-myc mRNA after 3 hr of treatment and a 90% reduction after 12 hr. We have also examined several features of c-myc genomic structure in F9 cells, PYS2 (differentiated parietal yolk sac) cells, and liver–namely, methylation, amplification, and gross organization. Comparison of Hpa II and Msp I digests of DNAs from F9, PYS2, and liver showed that the c-myc gene in F9 cells is hypomethylated relative to that in PYS2 cells and in liver. The Hpa II sites that undergo methylation during differentiation were found to be in the second intron. Gross structural changes of the c-myc gene have not occurred in F9 or PYS2, and the c-myc gene is not amplified.