Author(s): Tong L, Spear PD, Kalil RE. Effects of corpus callosum section on functional compensation in the posteromedial lateral suprasylvian visual area after early visual cortex damage in cats. J Comp Neurol. 1987 Feb 1;256(1):128-36.
Journal: The Journal Of Comparative Neurology, Volume 256, Issue 1, Feb 1987
A visual cortex lesion made in adult cats leads to a loss of direction selectivity and a loss of response to the ipsilateral eye among cells in posteromedial lateral suprasylvian (PMLS) cortex of cats. However, a visual cortex lesion made in young cats results in normal direction selectivity and normal ocular dominance in PMLS cortex. Thus cats with an early lesion demonstrate functional compensation in PMLS cortex. The present experiment determined whether the functional compensation depends upon an intact corpus callosum. Cats received a unilateral visual cortex lesion on the day of birth (day 1) or at 8 weeks of age. When the cats were adult, the corpus callosum was sectioned and 24 hours later recordings were made in PMLS cortex ipsilateral to the visual cortex lesion. Results were compared to cats with a similar lesion and an intact corpus callosum. In cats with a lesion made on day 1, a corpus callosum section did not affect receptive-field properties or ocular dominance in PMLS cortex. Therefore, functional compensation is not dependent on input via the corpus callosum in these animals. However, in cats with a lesion made at 8 weeks. a corpus callosum section resulted in a decrease in the percentage of direction-selective cells and in the percentage of cells driven by the ipsilateral eye. Despite the decrease, the percentage of direction-selective cells still was greater than in cats with an adult unilateral visual cortex lesion. Thus, while partly dependent on callosal inputs, some functional compensation for direction selectivity remains on the basis of ipsilateral inputs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)