Late-phase reaction and tear fluid cytology in the rat ocular anaphylaxis.

Neal Barney // Publications // May 01 1987

PubMed ID: 3109809

Author(s): Bonini S, Trocmé SD, Barney NP, Brash PC, Bloch KJ, Allansmith MR. Late-phase reaction and tear fluid cytology in the rat ocular anaphylaxis. Curr Eye Res. 1987 May;6(5):659-65. PMID 3109809

Journal: Current Eye Research, Volume 6, Issue 5, May 1987

Tear fluid cytology is described for the early and late phases of ocular anaphylaxis in actively immunized Sprague-Dawley rats. Tears were collected from both eyes of the rats before challenge and at 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24, and 48 h after topical challenge with di-DNP-lysine in one eye and PBS in the fellow eye. Results showed a statistically significant increase in the Aggregate Cell Rating, which represents the aggregate scores in neutrophil, eosinophil, lymphocyte, and atypical epithelial cell levels, in antigen-treated vs control eyes. This report is the first to use a cytologic study of tear film to detect the late phase of ocular anaphylaxis in the rat. Cytology of the tear film could be applied to the study of allergic conjunctivitis in both animals and humans.