Ciliary neuromuscular morphology in cynomolgus monkeys after ciliary ganglionectomy.

Kaufman Lab // Publications // Jan 01 1990

PubMed ID: 2311945

Author(s): Rohen JW, Eichhorn M, Kaufman PL, Erickson-Lamy KA. Ciliary neuromuscular morphology in cynomolgus monkeys after ciliary ganglionectomy. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1990;228(1):49-54. PMID 2311945

Journal: Graefe’s Archive For Clinical And Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Fur Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie, Volume 228, Issue 1, 1990

Cynomolgus monkeys underwent unilateral ciliary ganglionectomy (CG) and/or posterior ciliary neurectomy (PCN). The ciliary muscle was functionally denervated, as evidenced by loss of choline acetyltransferase activity, loss of the accommodative response to topical eserine and electrical stimulation of the Edinger-Westphal nucleus, and supersensitivity of the accommodative response to pilocarpine. Light and electron microscopy carried out 3-28 days after CG/PCN revealed degeneration of myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers as evidenced by axonal swelling and shrinkage, mitochondrial degeneration, axoplasmic condensation and vacuolization, and activated, phagocytosing Schwann cells. By 1-3 months after CG/PCN, few non-myelinated axons remained between the muscle bundles, larger nerve bundles were disordered and deteriorated, and Schwann cells filled with lipid and cellular debris were prominent. Beyond 6 months (6-37 months), most eyes were reinnervated by functional criteria. Concurrently, the ciliary neuromuscular morphology appeared virtually normal, exhibiting many non-myelinated axons containing numerous agranular synaptic vesicles and large mitochondria; however, remnants of degenerated axons were still present. In two eyes remaining functionally denervated, many of the unmyelinated axons between the ciliary muscle bundles were swollen or empty, with small, degenerated mitochondria and only rare synaptic vesicles, and were often ensheathed by thickened, condensed Schwann-cell cytoplasm. The muscle fibers were atrophic and separated from each other as well as from the ensheathed nerve fibers. Thus, following CG/PCN, the morphologic and functional evidence of parasympathetic denervation and reinnervation of the ciliary muscle is pathophysiologically and temporally consistent.