Author(s):Brandt CR, Knupfer PB, Boush GA, Gausas RE, Chandler JW. In vivo induction of Ia expression in murine cornea after intravitreal injection of interferon-gamma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1990 Nov;31(11):2248-53. PMID 2122962
Intravitreal injection of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) induces increased expression of Class II major histocompatibility complex (Ia) antigen expression on corneal endothelial cells and stromal fibroblasts. In contrast, IFN-gamma has no detectable effect on Ia antigen expression in epithelium. Induction of Ia antigen expression was rapid with increases detectable as early as 6-12 hours after a single injection of 1 x 10(5) units. Expression peaked at 24-48 hours and decreased to background levels by 120 hours. The Ia antigen expression increased in a dose-dependent manner, and IFN-gamma treatment also induced the synthesis of increased amounts of a 65-kilodalton (kD) protein in the cornea. Increased levels of this 65-kd protein are seen as early as 12 hours after treatment and can be induced with as little as 1 x 10(2) units of IFN-gamma. The function of the 65-kd protein is unknown. This model should be useful in studies on in vivo modulation of Ia antigen expression.