Author(s):Cruickshanks KJ, Ritter LL, Klein R, Moss SE. The association of microalbuminuria with diabetic retinopathy. The Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy. Ophthalmology. 1993 Jun;100(6):862-7.
Journal: Ophthalmology, Volume 100, Issue 6, Jun 1993
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between microalbuminuria and the presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy in a large population-based cohort of individuals with diabetes.
METHODS Microalbuminuria was measured by an agglutination inhibition assay in random urine samples obtained from participants in the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy (n = 1139) who did not have hematuria, gross proteinuria, or a history of renal disease. Retinopathy was determined from stereoscopic color fundus photographs graded according to a modification of the Airlie House Classification System.
RESULTS Younger-onset (diagnosed with diabetes before 30 years of age) and older-onset (diagnosed with diabetes when 30 years of age or older) individuals with microalbuminuria were more likely to have retinopathy than those without microalbuminuria. Younger-onset individuals who had microalbuminuria at the time of examination were more likely to have proliferative retinopathy than younger-onset subjects with normoalbuminuria. These relationships remained after controlling for glycemia, hypertension, duration of diabetes, and other potential confounders.
CONCLUSIONS Microalbuminuria is associated cross-sectionally with the presence of retinopathy in persons with diabetes and with the presence of proliferative disease in younger-onset individuals. These data suggest that microalbuminuria may be a marker for the risk of proliferative retinopathy developing. If longitudinal studies confirm these findings, individuals with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) who have microalbuminuria may benefit from ophthalmologic follow-up.