Author(s): Lambert PF, Pan H, Pitot HC, Liem A, Jackson M, Griep AE. Epidermal cancer associated with expression of human papillomavirus type 16 E6 and E7 oncogenes in the skin of transgenic mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Jun 15;90(12):5583-7.
Journal: Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences Of The United States Of America, Volume 90, Issue 12, Jun 1993
Certain “high-risk” anogenital human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been associated with the majority of human cervical carcinomas. In these cancers, two papillomaviral genes, E6 and E7, are commonly expressed. In this study we provide evidence that expression of the E6 and E7 genes from the high-risk HPV-16 in the skin of transgenic mice potentiated the development of preneoplastic lesions, and a high percentage of these epidermal lesions subsequently developed into locally invasive cancers. High levels of E6/E7 expression were found in these tumors relative to the preneoplastic lesions, and expression was localized to the proliferating, poorly differentiated epidermal cells. Also, the p53 and Rb genes were found to be intact, not mutationally inactivated, in representative skin tumors. These findings demonstrate that the E6 and E7 genes from a papillomavirus etiologically associated with human cervical cancer can contribute to the development of epidermal cancers in an animal model.