Predicting Quality of Well-being scores from the SF-36: results from the Beaver Dam Health Outcomes Study.

Kleins Lab // Publications // Jan 01 1997

PubMed ID: 8994146

Author(s): Fryback DG, Lawrence WF, Martin PA, Klein R, Klein BE. Predicting Quality of Well-being scores from the SF-36: results from the Beaver Dam Health Outcomes Study. Med Decis Making. 1997 Jan-Mar;17(1):1-9.

Journal: Medical Decision Making : An International Journal Of The Society For Medical Decision Making, Volume 17, Issue 1,

BACKGROUND The SF-36 and the Quality of Well-being index (QWB) both quantify health status, yet have very different methodologic etiologies. The authors sought to develop an empirical equation allowing prediction of the QWB from the SF-36.

DATA They used empirical observations of SF-36 profiles and QWB scores collected in interviews of 1,430 persons during the Beaver Dam Health Outcomes Study, a community-based population study of health status, and 57 persons from a renal dialysis clinic.

METHOD The eight scales of the SF-36, their squares, and all pairwise cross-products, were used as candidate variables in stepwise and best-subsets regressions to predict QWB scores using 1,356 interviews reported in a previous paper. The resulting equation was cross-validated on the remaining 74 cases and using the renal dialysis patients.

RESULTS A six-variable regression equation drawing on five of the SF-36 components predicted 56.9% of the observed QWB variance. The equation achieved an R2 of 49.5% on cross-validation using Beaver Dam participants and an R2 of 58.7% with the renal dialysis patients. An approximation for computing confidence intervals for predicted QWB mean scores is given.

CONCLUSION SF-36 data may be used to predict mean QWB scores for groups of patients, and thus may be useful to modelers who are secondary users of health status profile data. The equation may also be used to provide an overall health utility summary score to represent SF-36 profile data so long as the profiles are not severely limited by floor or ceiling effects of the SF-36 scales. The results of this study provide a quantitative link between two important measures of health status.