Author(s):Danis RP, Stephens T. Phototoxic reactions caused by sodium fluorescein. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 May;123(5):694-6.
Journal: American Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 123, Issue 5, May 1997
PURPOSE To report three cases of phototoxic reactions to intravenous fluorescein for retinal angiography and to describe provocative testing in a volunteer.
METHODS Three patients with phototoxic reactions were interviewed, and one volunteer underwent a controlled challenge test by applying a potent sunscreen and exposing skin areas to direct sunlight before and after fluorescein administration.
RESULTS All patients experienced marked cutaneous erythema, edema, and pain to sun-exposed areas within 1 hour of exposure. The reaction faded during a variable period of time, and one case resulted in mild epidermal desquamation and prolonged discomfort. We noted minimal skin changes in the volunteer who was exposed to the sun before fluorescein administration; however, marked blanching erythema and pain were noted after fluorescein administration and sunlight.
CONCLUSIONS Consistent with its in vitro properties as a photodynamic dye, fluorescein may rarely act as a phototoxic agent in humans at doses employed for fluorescein angiography.