Ischemic preconditioning in rats: role of mitochondrial K(ATP) channel in preservation of mitochondrial function.

Janis Eells // Publications // Jan 01 2000

PubMed ID: 10644614

Author(s): Fryer RM, Eells JT, Hsu AK, Henry MM, Gross GJ. Ischemic preconditioning in rats: role of mitochondrial K(ATP) channel in preservation of mitochondrial function. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Jan;278(1):H305-12. PMID 10644614

Journal: American Journal Of Physiology. Heart And Circulatory Physiology, Volume 278, Issue 1, Jan 2000

We examined the role of the sarcolemmal and mitochondrial K(ATP) channels in a rat model of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Infarct size was expressed as a percentage of the area at risk (IS/AAR). IPC significantly reduced infarct size (7 +/- 1%) versus control (56 +/- 1%). The sarcolemmal K(ATP) channel-selective antagonist HMR-1098 administered before IPC did not significantly attenuate cardioprotection. However, pretreatment with the mitochondrial K(ATP) channel-selective antagonist 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD) 5 min before IPC partially abolished cardioprotection (40 +/- 1%). Diazoxide (10 mg/kg iv) also reduced IS/AAR (36.2 +/- 4.8%), but this effect was abolished by 5-HD. As an index of mitochondrial bioenergetic function, the rate of ATP synthesis in the AAR was examined. Untreated animals synthesized ATP at 2.12 +/- 0.30 micromol x min(-1) x mg mitochondrial protein(-1). Rats subjected to ischemia-reperfusion synthesized ATP at 0.67 +/- 0.06 micromol x min(-1) x mg mitochondrial protein(-1). IPC significantly increased ATP synthesis to 1.86 +/- 0.23 micromol x min(-1) x mg mitochondrial protein(-1). However, when 5-HD was administered before IPC, the preservation of ATP synthesis was attenuated (1.18 +/- 0.15 micromol x min(-1) x mg mitochondrial protein(-1)). These data are consistent with the notion that inhibition of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels attenuates IPC by reducing IPC-induced protection of mitochondrial function.