Author(s): Wang Y, Sheibani N. Expression pattern of alternatively spliced PECAM-1 isoforms in hematopoietic cells and platelets. J Cell Biochem. 2002;87(4):424-38. PMID 12397602
Journal: Journal Of Cellular Biochemistry, Volume 87, Issue 4, 2002
PECAM-1 (CD31) is a cell adhesion molecule that is highly expressed in the endothelium. Hematopoietic cells including platelets, monocytes, neutrophils, and some T cells also express moderate levels of PECAM-1. PECAM-1 undergoes alternative splicing generating a number of isoforms in the endothelium. However, the expression of PECAM-1 isoforms in hematopoietic cells and platelets has not been determined. Here, we examined the expression pattern of PECAM-1 isoforms in human and rodent hematopoietic cells and platelets by RT-PCR and DNA sequencing analysis. Our results showed that multiple PECAM-1 isoforms are expressed in a cell-type and species-specific pattern. We identified seven human PECAM-1 isoforms, six murine PECAM-1 isoforms, and four rat PECAM-1 isoforms. The full-length PECAM-1 was the predominant isoform detected in human cells. The PECAM-1 isoforms that lack exon 14 and 15 (delta14&15) or delta12,14&15 were the predominant isoform in rodent cells. In addition, we identified a novel PECAM-1 isoform, delta13&14, in human hematopoietic cells. Thus, hematopoietic cells express multiple isoforms of PECAM-1 in a pattern similar to that observed in the endothelium of the same species. The regulated expression of these isoforms may be important during hematopoiesis and transendothelial migration.