Choroidal perfusion perturbations in non-neovascular age related macular degeneration.

PubMed ID: 11815349

Author(s): Ciulla TA, Harris A, Kagemann L, Danis RP, Pratt LM, Chung HS, Weinberger D, Garzozi HJ. Choroidal perfusion perturbations in non-neovascular age related macular degeneration. Br J Ophthalmol. 2002 Feb;86(2):209-13. PMID 11815349

Journal: The British Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 86, Issue 2, Feb 2002

AIM Choroidal perfusion, affected in age related macular degeneration (AMD), is difficult to objectively assess given the overlying retinal circulation. This study more objectively compared choroidal perfusion parameters in a group with non-neovascular AMD to an unaffected age matched control group.

METHODS 21 non-neovascular AMD subjects and 21 age matched control subjects without evidence of AMD underwent assessment of their choroidal blood flow in a case-control study. Scanning laser ophthalmoscope indocyanine green (ICG) angiograms were analysed by a new area dilution analysis technique. Four areas in the perifoveal region and two areas in the temporal peripapillary retina were evaluated by producing a graph of intensity of fluorescence of each area over time. The mean of the filling times and the heterogeneity of the filling times were assessed.

RESULTS The means of the filling times within the perifoveal regions and the hetereogeneity of the filling times between regions within the same eyes were significantly greater in the AMD patients compared with the control subjects.

CONCLUSIONS Delayed and heterogeneous filling of the choroid was objectively demonstrated in eyes with non-neovascular AMD compared with age matched controls without evidence of AMD, using an area dilution analysis technique applied to ICG angiography.