Prevalence of sleep problems and quality of life in an older population.

Cruickshanks Lab // Kleins Lab // Publications // Dec 01 2002

PubMed ID: 12489896

Author(s): Schubert CR, Cruickshanks KJ, Dalton DS, Klein BE, Klein R, Nondahl DM. Prevalence of sleep problems and quality of life in an older population. Sleep. 2002 Dec;25(8):889-93. PMID 12489896

Journal: Sleep, Volume 25, Issue 8, Dec 2002

STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of insomnia traits in a population and the effect of these traits on health-related quality of life.

DESIGN The Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study is a population-based study in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin.

SETTING Participants were interviewed as part of the 5-year follow-up examination (1998-2000) of the Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study. Participants were interviewed at the study office in Beaver Dam, WI, by telephone, or at their residence.

PARTICIPANTS 2800 adults aged 53-97 years.

INTERVENTIONS N/A.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS Participants were asked to what extent they experienced difficulty getting to sleep, waking up at night and having a hard time getting back to sleep, and waking up repeatedly during the night for any reason. A response of “often” or “almost always” was coded as positive for an insomnia trait. The SF-36 was administered to assess mental and physical function. Twenty-six percent of the population reported one insomnia trait, 13% reported two, and 10% reported three. All eight domains and the Mental and Physical Component Summary scores of the SF-36 decreased significantly (F-test for linear trend statistically significant at p<0.0001) as the number of reported insomnia traits increased.

CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that symptoms of insomnia are common among older adults and are associated with a decrease in health related quality of life.