Evaluation of photopoint photosensitizer mv6401, indium chloride methyl pyropheophorbide, as a photodynamic therapy agent in primate choriocapillaris and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization.

Publications // Ronald Danis // Aug 01 2004

PubMed ID: 15300072

Author(s): Ciulla TA, Criswell MH, Danis RP, Snyder WJ, Small W 4th. Evaluation of photopoint photosensitizer mv6401, indium chloride methyl pyropheophorbide, as a photodynamic therapy agent in primate choriocapillaris and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. Retina. 2004 Aug;24(4):521-9. PMID 15300072

Journal: Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), Volume 24, Issue 4, Aug 2004

PURPOSE To assess the potential of a new photosensitizer, indium chloride methyl pyropheophorbide (PhotoPoint MV6401), for ocular photodynamic therapy (PDT) in normal choriocapillaris vessels and experimentally induced choroidal neovascularization in New-World monkeys (Saimiri sciureus).

METHODS PhotoPoint MV6401 (Miravant Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA) was activated at 664 nm using a DD3-0665 (Miravant Systems, Inc., Santa Barbara, CA) 0.5 W diode laser. The efficacy of MV6401 was evaluated by indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and histology. The drug and light doses were 0.10 micromoles/kg to 0.3 micromoles/kg and 10 J/cm to 40 J/cm, respectively, and post-injection activation times ranged from +10 minutes to +120 minutes.

RESULTS Best closure of normal choriocapillaris was achieved at a dosage level of 0.15 micromoles/kg in primates. Histology demonstrated that increased post-injection activation times (+60 minutes to +90 minutes) and low laser light doses (10 J/cm to 20 J/cm) in the primate model resulted in selective closure of the choriocapillaris and medium sized choroidal vessels with minimal effect to the retina. Histology from neovascular lesions PDT-treated with MV6401 revealed significant diminution of vascularity, correlating with diminution of leakage observed on angiography.

CONCLUSION PhotoPoint MV6401, indium chloride methyl pyropheophorbide, is a potent photosensitizer that demonstrates both efficacy and selectivity in primate choriocapillaris and laser-induced choroidal neovascularization occlusion. Maximum selectivity was achieved using a post infusion interval of +60 to +90 minutes.