Aberrant p53 expression in feline vaccine-associated sarcomas and correlation with prognosis.

Publications // Richard Dubielzig // Nov 01 2005

PubMed ID: 16301577

Author(s): Hershey AE, Dubielzig RR, Padilla ML, Helfand SC. Aberrant p53 expression in feline vaccine-associated sarcomas and correlation with prognosis. Vet Pathol. 2005 Nov;42(6):805-11. PMID 16301577

Journal: Veterinary Pathology, Volume 42, Issue 6, Nov 2005

Eighty spontaneously occurring feline vaccine-associated sarcomas (VAS) were evaluated to determine the immunohistochemical expression of the tumor suppressor gene p53. Sixty-five of 80 VAS (81%) exhibited positive immunoreactivity with Mab240, a murine monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes mutated p53. Only 44 of 81 tumors (55%) were positive with rabbit polyclonal antibody CM-1. CM-1 often yielded nonspecific staining of nonneoplastic tissues. Nonspecific staining was greatly reduced or absent with Mab240. Cytoplasmic staining for p53 was a consistent pattern of VAS, occurring in 44% of tumors evaluated. Cats with tumors that exhibited cytoplasmic p53 had significantly shorter time to tumor recurrence compared to those cats with tumors that exhibited nuclear p53 staining (P = 0.0284), but no significant difference in survival outcome was observed. Immunohistochemical detection of p53 offers a prognostic tool for VAS, and, because abnormal p53 expression appears to be a common feature of feline VAS, molecular targeting of mutant p53, may offer a promising new therapeutic opportunity for this cancer.