Author(s): Liew G, Shankar A, Wang JJ, Klein R, Bray MS, Couper DJ, Sharrett AR, Wong TY. Apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms and retinal vascular signs: the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 Jun;125(6):813-8. PMID 17562993
Journal: Archives Of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), Volume 125, Issue 6, Jun 2007
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene polymorphisms and retinal microvascular signs.
METHODS Population-based, cross-sectional study. Participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (n=10,036; aged 49-73 years) had retinal photographs taken in 1 randomly selected eye. Photographs were graded for presence of retinal microvascular signs using a standardized protocol; a computer-assisted method was used to measure retinal vessel diameter. DNA from blood samples was analyzed for common APOE alleles.
RESULTS After adjusting for age, sex, systolic blood pressure, total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and other covariates, APOE epsilon 4 was associated with nondiabetic retinopathy in white (multivariate-adjusted odds ratio, 1.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-1.6) and black (multivariate-adjusted odds ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-2.1) individuals. Other retinal microvascular signs were not strongly associated with APOE polymorphisms. Neither retinal arteriolar nor venular diameter was associated with APOE polymorphisms in white or black individuals.
CONCLUSIONS Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 was weakly associated with retinopathy in persons without diabetes. Other signs were less consistently associated with APOE polymorphisms.