Author(s): Sahakyan K, Klein BE, Lee KE, Tsai MY, Klein R. Inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers and proteinuria in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Eur J Endocrinol. 2010 Jun;162(6):1101-5. doi: 10.1530/EJE-10-0049. Epub 2010 Mar 23. PMID 20332124
Journal: European Journal Of Endocrinology, Volume 162, Issue 6, Jun 2010
OBJECTIVE We examined the relationship of inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers with the prevalence and incidence of gross proteinuria (GP) in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
DESIGN A longitudinal population-based cohort of persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus was followed from 1990-1992 through 2005-2007.
METHODS Prevalence and 15-year cumulative incidence of GP were defined as outcome variables. Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and serum total homocysteine were measured. Multivariate logistic and discrete linear logistic regression modeling was used for data analysis.
RESULTS After controlling for duration of diabetes and other confounding factors, TNF-alpha (odds ratio (OR) 3.64; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.33, 5.70), IL-6 (OR 1.41; 95% CI 1.06, 1.88), VCAM-1 (OR 13.35; 95% CI 5.39, 33.07), and homocysteine (OR 2.98; 95% CI 1.73, 5.16) were associated with prevalent proteinuria. Only hsCRP (OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.02, 2.11) was associated with incident proteinuria.
CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest a role of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction as markers and contributors of the development of diabetic nephropathy in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus.