siRNA-mediated knock-down of DFF45 amplifies doxorubicin therapeutic effects in breast cancer cells.

Publications // Sheibani Lab // Dec 01 2013

PubMed ID: 24277473

Author(s): Bagheri F, Safarian S, Eslaminejad MB, Sheibani N. siRNA-mediated knock-down of DFF45 amplifies doxorubicin therapeutic effects in breast cancer cells. Cell Oncol (Dordr). 2013 Dec;36(6):515-26. doi: 10.1007/s13402-013-0157-1. Epub 2013 Nov 26. PMID 24277473

Journal: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht), Volume 36, Issue 6, Dec 2013

PURPOSE RNA interference (RNAi) has become a promising tool for cancer therapy. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) can synergistically enhance the cell killing effects of drugs used in cancer treatment. Here we examined the effects of siRNA-mediated DNA fragmentation factor 45 (DFF45) gene silencing on breast cancer cell viability, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in the presence and absence of doxorubicin.

METHODS We designed three siRNAs, which target different regions of the DFF45 mRNA. Gene silencing was confirmed by real time RT-PCR and Western blot analyses. The impact of DFF45 siRNA, doxorubicin, and their combination on the viability, cell cycle and apoptosis of T-47D and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were determined by MTT, PI staining, annexin V binding, caspase-3 activity, DNA laddering, and chromatin condensation assays.

RESULTS Based on flow cytometric analyses, we found that silencing of DFF45 alone had little effect on apoptosis, especially in T-47D cells. However, when used in combination with doxorubicin (0.33 μM) a significant increase (P < 0.05) in apoptosis was observed in T-47D and MDA-MB-231 cells, i.e., ~2.5- and 3-fold, respectively. Caspase-3 activity, chromatin condensation, as well as DNA laddering supported increased apoptosis in the combinatorial treatment. Cell cycle arrest in both cell lines occurred at lower levels after siRNA + doxorubicin treatment compared to doxorubicin only.

CONCLUSIONS Our data indicate that DFF45 gene silencing, when applied in combination with doxorubicin, may offer a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of breast cancer.