Factors affecting visual outcomes in patients with diabetic macular edema treated with ranibizumab.

Publications // Roomasa Channa // Mar 01 2014

PubMed ID: 24263379

Author(s): Channa R, Sophie R, Khwaja AA, Do DV, Hafiz G, Nguyen QD, Campochiaro PA; READ-2 Study Group. Factors affecting visual outcomes in patients with diabetic macular edema treated with ranibizumab. Eye (Lond). 2014 Mar;28(3):269-78. doi: 10.1038/eye.2013.245. Epub 2013 Nov 22. PMID 24263379

Journal: Eye (London, England), Volume 28, Issue 3, Mar 2014

PURPOSE To identify factors associated with visual outcomes in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) treated with ranibizumab (RBZ) in the Ranibizumab for Edema of the mAcula in Diabetes-Protocol 2 (READ-2) Study.

PATIENTS AND METHODS Optical coherence tomography scans, fundus photographs, and fluorescein angiograms (FAs) were graded and along with baseline characteristics were correlated with month (M) 24 visual outcome of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≤20/100 (poor outcome) vs >20/100 (better outcome).

RESULTS Of 101 patients with a M20 visit or beyond, 27 (27%) had BCVA ≤20/100. Comparison of patients with or without poor outcome showed mean baseline BCVA of 16.8 letters (20/125) in the former compared with 30.4 letters (20/63; P<0.001). Mean change in BCVA between baseline and M24 was -2.6 letters in the poor outcome group compared with +9.8 letters (P<0.001). Foveal thickness (FTH) at M24 was 374.1 μm in the poor outcome group compared with 268.8 μm (P<0.01), a difference driven by 14 patients with mean FTH of 450.3 μm. Foveal atrophy occurred in 65% (11/17) in the poor outcome group compared with 17%(12/71, P=0.001). Persistent edema was noted in 52% (14/27) of patients with poor outcome. Laser scars near foveal center were significantly more common in patients with poor outcome who did not have edema vs those who did (78% (7/9) vs 23% (3/13) P=0.03).

CONCLUSION Poor baseline BCVA (≤20/125) in DME patients predicts poor visual outcome (≤20/100) after 2 years of treatment with RBZ and/or focal/grid laser, often due to foveal atrophy and/or persistent edema.