Author(s): Lundin AM, Azari AA, Kanavi MR, Potter HD,Lucarelli MJ,Burkat CN, Albert DM. Ocular trauma resulting in enucleation: A 12-year experience from a large regional institution. WMJ. 2014 Jun;113(3):99-101. PMID 25118437
Journal: Wmj : Official Publication Of The State Medical Society Of Wisconsin, Volume 113, Issue 3, Jun 2014
PURPOSE To review the frequency and cause of traumatic enucleation at the University of Wisconsin.
METHODS A 12-year retrospective chart review (2000-2012) from the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics of patients who underwent enucleation following ocular trauma with specimens submitted to the University of Wisconsin Eye Pathology Laboratory.
RESULTS A total of 188 eyes enucleated following ocular trauma were identified between 2000 and 2012. One hundred eleven (59%) cases had an identifiable mechanism of injury recorded in the medical record and were included in the final analysis. The overall median patient age was 41 years with 83.8% male. Assault was the most common reason for enucleation (n=30, 27.0%) of which 15 (13.5%) cases were related to gunshot wounds. Other causes included outdoor or recreational activities (n = 20, 18.0%), fall (n = 14, 12.6%), non-motor vehicle accidents (n = 6, 5.5%), motor vehicle accidents (n = 15, 13.5%), work-related injury (n = 15, 13.5%), and sports-related injury (n = 11, 10%).
CONCLUSION Assault is the most common cause of traumatic ocular injury leading to enucleation. Gunshot and stab wounds were responsible for the majority of these cases. Men were much more likely to undergo enucleation due to ocular trauma with the exception being that caused by falls, where the rate was nearly equal between men and women.