Lipids, lipid genes, and incident age-related macular degeneration: the three continent age-related macular degeneration consortium.

Kleins Lab // Publications // Sep 01 2014

PubMed ID: 24879949

Author(s): Klein R, Myers CE, Buitendijk GH, Rochtchina E, Gao X, de Jong PT, Sivakumaran TA, Burlutsky G, McKean-Cowdin R, Hofman A, Iyengar SK, Lee KE, Stricker BH, Vingerling JR, Mitchell P, Klein BE, Klaver CC, Wang JJ. Lipids, lipid genes, and incident age-related macular degeneration: the three continent age-related macular degeneration consortium. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Sep;158(3):513-24.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2014.05.027. Epub 2014 May 28. Review. PMID 24879949

Journal: American Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 158, Issue 3, Sep 2014

PURPOSE To describe associations of serum lipid levels and lipid pathway genes to the incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

DESIGN Meta-analysis.

METHODS setting: Three population-based cohorts. population: A total of 6950 participants from the Beaver Dam Eye Study (BDES), Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES), and Rotterdam Study (RS). observation procedures: Participants were followed over 20 years and examined at 5-year intervals. Hazard ratios associated with lipid levels per standard deviation above the mean or associated with each additional risk allele for each lipid pathway gene were calculated using random-effects inverse-weighted meta-analysis models, adjusting for known AMD risk factors. main outcome measures: Incidence of AMD.

RESULTS The average 5-year incidences of early AMD were 8.1%, 15.1%, and 13.0% in the BDES, BMES, and RS, respectively. Substantial heterogeneity in the effect of cholesterol and lipid pathway genes on the incidence and progression of AMD was evident when the data from the 3 studies were combined in meta-analysis. After correction for multiple comparisons, we did not find a statistically significant association between any of the cholesterol measures, statin use, or serum lipid genes and any of the AMD outcomes in the meta-analysis.

CONCLUSION In a meta-analysis, there were no associations of cholesterol measures, history of statin use, or lipid pathway genes to the incidence and progression of AMD. These findings add to inconsistencies in earlier reports from our studies and others showing weak associations, no associations, or inverse associations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol with AMD.

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