Exome array analysis identifies CAV1/CAV2 as a susceptibility locus for intraocular pressure.

PubMed ID: 25525164

Author(s): Chen F, Klein AP, Klein BE, Lee KE, Truitt B, Klein R, Iyengar SK, Duggal P. Exome array analysis identifies CAV1/CAV2 as a susceptibility locus for intraocular pressure. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Dec 18;56(1):544-51. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15204. PMID 25525164

Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Volume 56, Issue 1, Dec 2014

PURPOSE Intraocular pressure (IOP) is an important clinical parameter in the evaluation of ocular health. Elevated IOP is a major risk factor for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The goal of this study was to identify rare and less common variants that influence IOP.

METHODS We performed an exome array analysis in a subset of 1660 individuals from a population-based cohort, the Beaver Dam Eye Study. Associations with IOP were tested on 45,849 single nucleotide variants and 12,390 autosomal genes across the genome.

RESULTS Intraocular pressure was suggestively associated with novel variants located in FAR2 at 12p11.22 (rs4931170, P = 1.2 × 10(-5)), in GGA3 at 17q25.1 (rs52809447, P = 6.7 × 10(-5)), and in PKDREJ at 22q13.31 (rs7291444, P = 7.4 × 10(-5)). Gene-based analysis found suggestive associations between IOP and the genes HAP1, MTBP, FREM3, and PHF12. We successfully replicated the associations with GAS7 (P = 7.4 × 10(-3)) for IOP, and also identified a previously reported POAG locus in the CAV1/CAV2 region to be associated with IOP (P = 3.3 × 10(-3)). This association was confirmed in a meta-analysis with three published genome-wide association studies (Pcombined = 4.0 × 10(-11)).

CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that novel genetic variants and genes with multiple, less common variants may play a role in the control of IOP. The implication of the caveolin genes, CAV1/CAV2, as a common genetic factor influencing both IOP variations and POAG may provide new insights of the underlying mechanism leading to glaucoma and glaucomatous visual field loss.

Copyright 2015 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.