Author(s): Bagheri F, Safarian S, Eslaminejad MB, Sheibani N. Sensitization of breast cancer cells to doxorubicin via stable cell line generation and overexpression of DFF40. Biochem Cell Biol. 2015 Dec;93(6):604-10. doi: 10.1139/bcb-2015-0007. Epub 2015 Sep 15. PMID 26529233
Journal: Biochemistry And Cell Biology = Biochimie Et Biologie Cellulaire, Volume 93, Issue 6, Dec 2015
There are a number of reports demonstrating a relationship between the alterations in DFF40 expression and development of some cancers. Here, increased DFF40 expression in T-47D cells in the presence of doxorubicin was envisaged for therapeutic usage. The T-47D cells were transfected with an eukaryotic expression vector encoding the DFF40 cDNA. Following incubation with doxorubicin, propidium iodide (PI) staining was used for cell cycle distribution analysis. The rates of apoptosis were determined by annexin V/PI staining. Apoptosis was also evaluated using the DNA laddering analysis. The viability of DFF40-transfected cells incubated with doxorubicin was significantly decreased compared with control cells. However, there were no substantial changes in the cell cycle distribution of pIRES2-DFF40 cells incubated with doxorubicin compared to control cells. The expression of DFF40, without doxorubicin incubation, had also no significant effect on the cell cycle distribution. There was no DNA laddering in cells transfected with the empty pIRES2 vector when incubated with doxorubicin. In contrast, DNA laddering was observed in DFF40 transfected cells in the presence of doxorubicin after 48 h. Also, the expression of DFF40 and DFF45 was increased in DFF40 transfected cells in the presence of doxorubicin enhancing cell death. Collectively our results indicated that co-treatment of DFF40-transfected cells with doxorubicin can enhance the killing of these tumor cells via apoptosis. Thus, modulation of DFF40 level may be a beneficial strategy for treatment of chemo-resistant cancers.