Regulation of WNT Signaling by VSX2 During Optic Vesicle Patterning in Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells.

Gamm Lab // Publications // Nov 01 2016

PubMed ID: 27301076

Author(s): Capowski EE, Wright LS, Liang K, Phillips MJ, Wallace K, Petelinsek A, Hagstrom A, Pinilla I, Borys K, Lien J, Min JH, Keles S, Thomson JA, Gamm DM. Regulation of WNT signaling by VSX2 during optic vesicle patterning in human induced pluripotent stem cells. Stem Cells. 2016 Nov;34(11):2625-2634. doi: 10.1002/stem.2414. Epub 2016 Jul 5. PMID 27301076

Journal: Stem Cells (Dayton, Ohio), Volume 34, Issue 11, Nov 2016

Few gene targets of Visual System Homeobox 2 (VSX2) have been identified despite its broad and critical role in the maintenance of neural retina (NR) fate during early retinogenesis. We performed VSX2 ChIP-seq and ChIP-PCR assays on early stage optic vesicle-like structures (OVs) derived from human iPS cells (hiPSCs), which highlighted WNT pathway genes as direct regulatory targets of VSX2. Examination of early NR patterning in hiPSC-OVs from a patient with a functional null mutation in VSX2 revealed mis-expression and upregulation of WNT pathway components and retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) markers in comparison to control hiPSC-OVs. Furthermore, pharmacological inhibition of WNT signaling rescued the early mutant phenotype, whereas augmentation of WNT signaling in control hiPSC-OVs phenocopied the mutant. These findings reveal an important role for VSX2 as a regulator of WNT signaling and suggest that VSX2 may act to maintain NR identity at the expense of RPE in part by direct repression of WNT pathway constituents. Stem Cells 2016;34:2625-2634.

© 2016 The Authors Stem Cells published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of AlphaMed Press.