Studies to reveal the nature of interactions between catalase and curcumin using computational methods and optical techniques.

Publications // Sheibani Lab // Feb 01 2017

PubMed ID: 27865955

Author(s): Mofidi Najjar F, Ghadari R, Yousefi R, Safari N, Sheikhhasani V, Sheibani N, Moosavi-Movahedi AA. Studies to reveal the nature of interactions between catalase and curcumin using computational methods and optical techniques. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017 Feb;95:550-556. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.050. Epub 2016 Nov 16. PMID 27865955

Journal: International Journal Of Biological Macromolecules, Volume 95, Feb 2017

Curcumin is an important antioxidant compound, and is widely reported as an effective component for reducing complications of many diseases. However, the detailed mechanisms of its activity remain poorly understood. We found that curcumin can significantly increase catalase activity of BLC (bovine liver catalase). The mechanism of curcumin action was investigated using a computational method. We suggested that curcumin may activate BLC by modifying the bottleneck of its narrow channel. The molecular dynamic simulation data showed that placing curcumin on the structure of enzyme can increase the size of the bottleneck in the narrow channel of BLC, and readily allow the access of substrate to the active site. Because of the increase of the distance between amino acids of the bottleneck in the presence of curcumin, the entrance space of substrate increased from 250Å3 to 440Å3. In addition, the increase in emission of intrinsic fluorescence of BLC in presence of curcumin demonstrated changes in tertiary structure of catalase, and possibility of less quenching. We also used circular dichroism (CD) spectropolarimetry to determine how curcumin may alter the enzyme secondary structure. Catalase spectra in the presence of various concentrations of curcumin showed an increase in the amount of α-helix content.

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