Author(s): Willoughby AS, Vuong VS, Cunefare D, Farsiu S, Noronha G, Danis RP, Yiu G. Choroidal changes after suprachoroidal injection of triamcinolone acetonide in eyes with macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;186:144-151. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2017.11.020. Epub 2017 Dec 2. PMID 29199012
Journal: American Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 186, 02 2018
PURPOSE To evaluate choroidal and suprachoroidal changes following suprachoroidal injection of triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension (CLS-TA), in eyes with macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion (RVO).
DESIGN Prospective cohort study within a randomized, controlled phase 2 clinical trial.
METHODS Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) images were analyzed from 38 eyes of 38 treatment-naïve patients with macular edema due to RVO, enrolled in the prospective Suprachoroidal Injection of Triamcinolone Acetonide with Intravitreal Aflibercept in Subjects with Macular Edema Due to Retinal Vein Occlusion (TANZANITE) study who received either a suprachoroidal injection of CLS-TA with an intravitreal injection of aflibercept (combination arm) or only an intravitreal injection of aflibercept (monotherapy arm), followed by monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections in both arms based on pro re nata criteria.
RESULTS Macular choroidal thickness measured to the outer choroidal vessel lumen (vascular choroidal thickness, VCT), outer choroid stroma (stromal choroidal thickness, SCT), or inner scleral border (total choroidal thickness, TCT) showed no significant changes over 3 months in both study arms (P = .231-.342). Eyes that received combination therapy showed a trend toward thickening of the suprachoroidal space (SCS) compared with monotherapy alone (13.4 μm vs 5.3 μm at 3 months; P = .077). In the 15 eyes that demonstrated a visible SCS at baseline, the SCS expanded significantly after suprachoroidal CLS-TA injection (16.2 μm to 27.8 μm at 3 months; P = .033).
CONCLUSIONS Suprachoroidal injection of CLS-TA does not alter choroidal thickness in eyes with macular edema due to RVO, but may result in expansion of the SCS.