Author(s): Farnoodian M, Sorenson CM, Sheibani N. PEDF expression affects the oxidative and inflammatory state of choroidal endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2018 Apr 1;314(4):C456-C472. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00259.2017. Epub 2018 Jan 10. PMID 29351407
Journal: American Journal Of Physiology. Cell Physiology, Volume 314, Issue 4, 04 2018
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss among the elderly population, and is associated with severe macular degeneration and choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Although the pathogenesis of AMD is associated with choroidal dysfunction and CNV, the detailed underlying mechanisms remain unresolved. Altered production of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a neuroprotective and antiangiogenic factor, contributes to CNV. Furthermore, exogenous PEDF mitigates angiogenesis in preclinical CNV models. How PEDF expression affects choroidal endothelial cell (ChEC) function is unknown. Here we isolated ChECs from PEDF+/+ and PEDF-deficient (PEDF-/-) mice and determined the impact of PEDF expression on the proangiogenic and pro-inflammatory properties of ChECs. We showed that PEDF expression significantly affects the proliferation, migration, adhesion, and oxidative and inflammatory state of ChECs. The PEDF-/- ChECs were, however, more sensitive to H2O2 challenge and exhibited increased rate of apoptosis and oxidative stress. We also observed a significant increase in production of cytokines with a primary role in inflammation and angiogenesis including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and osteopontin, and a reprograming of chemokines and cytokines expression profiles in PEDF-/- ChECs. Collectively, our results indicate that PEDF expression has a significant impact on oxidative and inflammatory properties of ChECs, whose alteration could contribute to pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases including exudative AMD.