Re-Operation Strategies in Strabismus-Cooper’s Dictum Amended.

PubMed ID: 30196759

Author(s): Kushner BJ. Re-operation strategies in strabismus-Cooper’s dictum amended. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2018 Apr-Jun;68(2):45-53. doi: 10.1080/2576117X.2018.1460181. Epub 2018 Apr 11. PMID 30196759

Journal: Journal Of Binocular Vision And Ocular Motility, Volume 68, Issue 2, 2018

PURPOSE To outline a systematic approach to strabismus reoperations. Many strabismologists have a formulaic approach to strabismus reoperations, e.g., treat it as a fresh case, advance previously recessed muscles to the original insertion, etc. Patients and methods: This paper is a collection of pearls gained from the author’s 40+ years in practice.

RESULTS Effective strategies for strabismus reoperations are not formulaic and should be tailored to the specific history and findings of the patient. The first, and most important decision, is whether to operate on previously operated muscles or fresh muscles. This should be influenced, in part, by whether one is treating an overcorrection or undercorrection. Limitations of rotations and incomitance patterns should be addressed. Many important decisions should be made intraoperatively based on where muscles are found, their integrity (slipped in the capsule, stretched scar, etc.), repeated intraoperative forced ductions, and spring back balance testing.

CONCLUSION A proper plan for a strabismus reoperation takes into account a number of preoperative factors, and the surgeon should be prepared to modify the plan based on intraoperative findings.