Author(s): Kherani S, Scott AW, Wenick AS, Zimmer-Galler I, Brady CJ, Sodhi A, Meyerle C, Solomon SD, Shaukat R, Channa R, Adeyemo O, Handa JT, Wang J, Campochiaro PA. Shortest distance from fovea to subfoveal hemorrhage border is important in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol. 2018 May;189:86-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2018.02.015. Epub 2018 Feb 28. PMID 29499174
Journal: American Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 189, May 2018
PURPOSE To identify factors influencing visual outcome in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NVAMD) and subfoveal hemorrhage (SFH) treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents.
DESIGN Retrospective case series.
METHODS Anti-VEGF-treated eyes with SFH > 1 disc area (DA) were identified (n = 16) and changes in visual acuity (VA) and central subfield thickness (CST) from baseline to last follow-up, along with SFH area, thickness, minimum distance from fovea to SFH border, and time to resolution, were determined.
RESULTS At baseline, mean (± standard error of the mean) size and thickness of SFH were 14.9 ± 2.8 DA and 386.6 ± 46.9 μm, and mean Snellen VA and CST were 20/250 and 591.7 ± 57.0 μm. Median follow-up was 47.6 months. While more than 50% of patients had VA ≤ 20/200 at baseline and all time points through week 48, the percentage of patients with VA ≥ 20/50 increased to 30%-40% at months 6 and 12 and remained stable through month 48. Spearman rank correlation demonstrated 2 independent variables that correlated with good visual outcome, smaller area of SFH at baseline (r = -0.630; P = .009), and high frequency of anti-VEGF injections (r = 0.646; P = .007). In exceptional patients with good visual outcome despite large baseline SFH, shortest distance between the fovea and hemorrhage border significantly correlated with baseline VA (r = -0.503, P = .047) and final VA (r = -0.575, P = .02).
CONCLUSIONS Patients with NVAMD and thick SFH, but short distance between fovea and uninvolved retina, can have good visual outcomes when given frequent anti-VEGF injections.