Author(s): Wang B, Chen G, Urabe G, Xie R, Wang Y, Shi X, Guo LW, Gong S, Kent KC. A paradigm of endothelium-protective and stent-free anti-restenotic therapy using biomimetic nanoclusters. Biomaterials. 2018 Sep;178:293-301. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2018.06.025. Epub 2018 Jun 18. PMID 29958152
Journal: Biomaterials, Volume 178, 09 2018
Drug-eluting stents are the most commonly employed method to control post-angioplasty restenosis. Unfortunately, they exacerbate life-threatening stent thrombosis because of endothelium damage caused by both drug and stenting. To solve this major medical problem, an endothelium-protective and stent-free anti-restenotic method is highly desirable. Here we have generated a biomimetic intravenous delivery system using dendritic polymer-based nanoclusters, which were coated with platelet membranes for targeting to the injured arterial wall where restenosis occurs. These nanoclusters were loaded with an endothelium-protective epigenetic inhibitor (JQ1) or an endothelium-toxic status quo drug (rapamycin), and compared for their ability to mitigate restenosis without hindering the process of re-endothelialization. Fluorescence imaging of Cy5-tagged biomimetic nanoclusters indicated their robust homing to injured, but not uninjured arteries. Two weeks after angioplasty, compared to no-drug control, both rapamycin- and JQ1-loaded biomimetic nanoclusters substantially reduced (by >60%) neointimal hyperplasia, the primary cause of restenosis. However, whereas the rapamycin formulation impaired the endothelial re-coverage of the denuded inner arterial wall, the JQ1 formulation preserved endothelial recovery. In summary, we have created an endothelium-protective anti-restenotic system with biomimetic nanoclusters containing an epigenetic inhibitor. This system warrants further development for a non-thrombogenic and stent-free method for clinical applications.