Use of a Versatile, Inexpensive Ophthalmoscopy Teaching Model in Veterinary Medical Student Education Increases Ophthalmoscopy Proficiency.

PubMed ID: 30920947

Author(s): Westermeyer HD, Druley GE, Royal KD, Mowat FM. Use of a versatile, inexpensive ophthalmoscopy teaching model in veterinary medical student education increases ophthalmoscopy proficiency. J Vet Med Educ. 2019 Winter;46(4):518-522. doi: 10.3138/jvme.1117-157r. Epub 2019 Mar 28. PMID 30920947

Journal: Journal Of Veterinary Medical Education, Volume 46, Issue 4, 2019

Ophthalmoscopy is an important examination technique in the diagnosis of disease. Although it is difficult to learn, practice increases confidence and proficiency. Practicing ophthalmoscopy on live animals presents an additional level of complexity, so we sought to evaluate how students would respond to practicing ophthalmoscopy on an ocular fundus model. We constructed a simple and inexpensive model and allowed half of the students (49/100) in a first-year veterinary medicine class to practice ophthalmoscopy (direct, PanOptic, and indirect) for 20 minutes using the model. Students completed a questionnaire regarding ease of use, enjoyment, and recommendations for future use of the model immediately after the practice session. Six weeks later, we tested students’ ability to correctly match a fundus to a photograph using indirect ophthalmoscopy. All students who used the model rated it as ‘easy’ or ‘somewhat easy’ to use. All students reported that they ‘enjoyed’ (93.9%) or ‘somewhat enjoyed’ (6.1%) using the model. Also, all students who used the model stated the models should continue to be used to aid student learning. Students who used the model were significantly more likely (p = .013) to correctly match a fundus photograph to the fundus being observed than students who had not used the model. These findings demonstrate that the model used in this study is well received by students and results in discernible gains in proficiency.