Author(s): Yodsanit N, Wang B, Zhao Y, Guo LW, Kent KC, Gong S. Recent progress on nanoparticles for targeted aneurysm treatment and imaging. Biomaterials. 2021 Jan;265:120406. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2020.120406. Epub 2020 Sep 21. Review. PMID 32979792
Journal: Biomaterials, Volume 265, Jan 2021
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized dilatation of the aorta that plagues millions. Its rupture incurs high mortality rates (~80-90%), pressing an urgent need for therapeutic methods to prevent this deadly outcome. Judiciously designed nanoparticles (NPs) have displayed a unique potential to fulfill this need. Aneurysms feature excessive inflammation and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. As such, typically inflammatory cells and exposed ECM proteins have been targeted with NPs for therapeutic, diagnostic, or theranostic purposes in experimental models. NPs have been used not only for encapsulation and delivery of drugs and biomolecules in preclinical tests, but also for enhanced imaging to monitor aneurysm progression in patients. Moreover, they can be readily modified with various molecules to improve lesion targeting, detectability, biocompatibility, and circulation time. This review updates on the progress, limitations, and prospects of NP applications in the context of AAA.