Author(s): Khurana RN, Oden NL, VanVeldhuisen PC, Scott IU, Blodi BA, Ip MS; SCORE2 Investigator Group. Association between early and late response in eyes with central or hemiretinal vein occlusion treated with anti-VEGF agents : SCORE2 report 12: secondary analysis of the SCORE2 clinical trial. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2021 Jul;259(7):1839-1851. doi: 10.1007/s00417-020-05018-7. Epub 2021 Jan 7. PMID 33415354
Journal: Graefe’s Archive For Clinical And Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Fur Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie, Volume 259, Issue 7, Jul 2021
PURPOSE To assess whether early visual acuity letter score change from baseline (ΔVALS) and early spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) measures of center point thickness (CPT) are associated with later ΔVALS in eyes with macular edema due to central or hemiretinal vein occlusion treated with intravitreal aflibercept or bevacizumab.
METHODS Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of 362 participants.
RESULTS Considered separately at month 3, CPT (categorized as ≤ 300 μm, > 300 μm) and ΔVALS (categorized as < 5, 5-9, ≥ 10) are predictive of ΔVALS at month 6 (aflibercept: P = 0.02 for CPT and P < 0.0001 for ΔVALS; bevacizumab: P = 0.007 for CPT and P < 0.0001 for ΔVALS) and, except for CPT in the bevacizumab arm, also predictive of ΔVALS at month 12 (aflibercept: P = 0.03 for CPT and P < 0.0001 for ΔVALS; bevacizumab: P = 0.18 for CPT and P 10 versus < 5; P < 0.001 for both aflibercept and bevacizumab). When month 3 measures are considered jointly, ΔVALS effect remains significant for average ΔVALS from months 4 to 12 (aflibercept: P = 0.002; bevacizumab: P < 0.0001) but not CPT (aflibercept: P = 0.18; bevacizumab: P = 0.22).
CONCLUSION While both month 3 ΔVALS and CPT are predictive of ΔVALS after month 3 through month 12, early ΔVALS has a stronger relationship than CPT with later ΔVALS. SCORE2 registration number is NCT01969708.