Factors influencing the heat shock response of Xenopus laevis embryos.

Nickells Lab // Publications // Oct 01 1989

PubMed ID: 2590525

Author(s): Nickells RW, Browder LW, Wang TI. Factors influencing the heat shock response of Xenopus laevis embryos. Biochem Cell Biol. 1989 Oct;67(10):687-95. PMID 2590525

Journal: Biochemistry And Cell Biology = Biochimie Et Biologie Cellulaire, Volume 67, Issue 10, Oct 1989

We have further characterized the heat shock response of Xenopus laevis embryos. Xenopus embryos respond to heat shock by consistently synthesizing four major heat shock proteins (hsps) of 62, 70, 76, and 87 kilodaltons. In addition to these hsps, heat-shocked embryos also exhibit the synthesis of several minor hsps. The synthesis of these hsps is often variable. We have monitored the effects of different temperatures and lengths of heat shock on the pattern and intensity of hsp synthesis. In general, the four major hsps are induced more strongly at higher temperatures and during increasing intervals of heat shock. The temperature and duration of heat shock can affect the synthesis of the minor hsps, however. Some hsps are synthesized at lower temperatures only (i.e., below 37 degrees C), whereas others are synthesized only at higher temperatures (i.e., above 37 degrees C). We have extensively examined the characteristics of hsp 35 synthesis, one of the most variably synthesized hsps. This hsp is characteristically synthesized at temperatures above 35 degrees C and usually during the first 40 min of heat shock, after which it becomes undetectable. In some experiments, its synthesis is restimulated during later intervals of heat shock. Hsp 35 is also under developmental regulation. It is not synthesized by heat-shocked embryos until the late blastula to early gastrula stage. After this brief period of inducibility, its synthesis is dramatically reduced in mid- to late gastrulae, but reappears in heat-shocked neurulae. We have previously demonstrated that hsp 35 is related to the glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). The induction of hsp 35 synthesis is inversely correlated with the constitutive levels of GAPDH specific activity. In this paper we document further correlations between the synthesis of hsp 35 and GAPDH specific activity during early Xenopus development.