Author(s): Gómez-Vieyra A, Dubra A, Malacara-Hernández D, Williams DR. First-order design of off-axis reflective ophthalmic adaptive optics systems using afocal telescopes. Opt Express. 2009 Oct 12;17(21):18906-19. doi: 10.1364/OE.17.018906. PMID 20372626
Journal: Optics Express, Volume 17, Issue 21, Oct 2009
Expressions for minimal astigmatism in image and pupil planes in off-axis afocal reflective telescopes formed by pairs of spherical mirrors are presented. These formulae which are derived from the marginal ray fan equation can be used for designing laser cavities, spectrographs and adaptive optics retinal imaging systems. The use, range and validity of these formulae are limited by spherical aberration and coma for small and large angles respectively. This is discussed using examples from adaptive optics retinal imaging systems. The performance of the resulting optical designs are evaluated and compared against the configurations with minimal wavefront RMS, using the defocus-corrected wavefront RMS as a metric.