Author(s): Barrett EJ, Liu Z, Khamaisi M, King GL, Klein R,Klein BEK, Hughes TM, Craft S, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Vinik AI, Casellini CM. Diabetic microvascular disease: an Endocrine Society scientific statement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Dec 1;102(12):4343-4410. doi: 10.1210/jc.2017-01922. Review. PMID 29126250
Journal: The Journal Of Clinical Endocrinology And Metabolism, Volume 102, Issue 12, Dec 2017
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes adversely affect the microvasculature in multiple organs. Our understanding of the genesis of this injury and of potential interventions to prevent, limit, or reverse injury/dysfunction is continuously evolving. This statement reviews biochemical/cellular pathways involved in facilitating and abrogating microvascular injury. The statement summarizes the types of injury/dysfunction that occur in the three classical diabetes microvascular target tissues, the eye, the kidney, and the peripheral nervous system; the statement also reviews information on the effects of diabetes and insulin resistance on the microvasculature of skin, brain, adipose tissue, and cardiac and skeletal muscle. Despite extensive and intensive research, it is disappointing that microvascular complications of diabetes continue to compromise the quantity and quality of life for patients with diabetes. Hopefully, by understanding and building on current research findings, we will discover new approaches for prevention and treatment that will be effective for future generations.