Author(s): Zhang K, Liu J, Jiang D, Myers FL, Zhou L. Case Report: Multimodal Imaging of Acute Idiopathic Maculopathy in a Chinese Woman. Optom Vis Sci. 2021 Sep 1;98(9):1025-1030. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000001777. PMID 34524215
Journal: Optometry And Vision Science : Official Publication Of The American Academy Of Optometry, Volume 98, Issue 9, 09 2021
SIGNIFICANCE Acute idiopathic maculopathy is a rare disease with the characteristics of sudden, severe, unilateral central vision loss after a flu-like illness. The prognosis is generally good, and poor vision usually results from complications such as choroidal neovascularization or subfoveal pigment degeneration. Multimodal imaging is helpful in the diagnosis and follow-up of this disease.
PURPOSE We report a case of acute idiopathic maculopathy and present multimodal imaging results in the diagnosis of this condition.
CASE REPORT A 37-year-old Chinese woman noted a central scotoma in her right eye a day after a prodrome of flu-like symptoms. Best-corrected visual acuity of the right eye was 20/40. Multimodal imaging was performed, and a diagnosis of acute idiopathic maculopathy was made. The variable clinical appearance of acute idiopathic maculopathy on autofluorescence, near-infrared reflectance, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) was shown. The patient’s vision spontaneously recovered to 20/20 two weeks after the onset of the disease, but macular sensitivity, as measured by microperimetry, did not return to normal until 1 month. Retrobulbar injection of triamcinolone was done at 3 weeks to prevent retinal pigment epithelium hyperplasia and choroidal neovascularization. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient.
CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that near-infrared reflectance corresponds to the change of the outer retina and retinal pigment epithelium on OCT and complements autofluorescence in the diagnosis and follow-up of acute idiopathic maculopathy. Fundus autofluorescence, near-infrared reflectance, and OCT are recommended as routine examinations in this disease.